Our forebears came to settle in this awesome upland community curving mountains into rice terraces and turned ridges into gardens.
With no climate change on that decade, the month of June to November was the rainy season of the year and the period for planting indigenous rice varieties.
The time for the rice harvest is on the month of November. After harvesting the rice, the farm will be planted with root crops and other vegetables that need small amount of water.
Nowadays, the rainy season pattern seems not on time, delaying the planting of rice. The farmer folks know that during the rainy season, the spring water is in excess bringing enough water to the rice fields. Waterfalls along mountains are visible. The rains replenish the watersheds to continuously supply water to the irrigation system.
The rice harvested from a family owned ricefield could provide a year round supply. Other families use their fancy grains for making rice wine or cakes for sale.
Hints on how to manage a rainfed farm.
The government’s weather bureau are assets of the farmers which would give them data and have a real time situational awareness for their crop production decisions in providing crucial weather information such as the start and end of the rainy season and the distribution of rainfall during the cropping season. It could also give advice on the optimum planting times, which variety to use, and the amount and timing of fertilizer application in rainfed rice areas under current and future climate conditions.
The method of rain harvesting should be adopted since during the rainy season, the water is so abundant even flooding the irrigation and farms. The water coming from the springs induced by the rain is relatively clean and absolutely free. Rainwater can be harvested almost anywhere. In this farm, it can be harvested from springs, mountains and other surface or ground areas. Other farms have constructed small farm reservoirs (SFR) or small water impounding project (SWIP).